“Polk County,” in New Handbook of Texas. The population of the county in 1860 was 8,300, with a slave population of 4,198. Counties Accepted - State of Texas Polk County Provided Programs. Virtually all of the business in the county requires some interaction with the local jurisdiction. Six County Judges and District Judge Oran M. Roberts, future Governor of Texas, would use the courthouse. Its walls display skillfully brick masonry work with stone detailing. Both the 1905 Courthouse Annex and the 1924 Courthouse are good examples of early 20th century Classical Revival style public buildings in a rural Texas county, and are thus nominated under Criterion C, in the area of Architecture. Interior restoration plans will include replacement of wooden doors and transoms, ceiling fans and light fixtures, and the restoration of the third floor balcony space. 15502 Old Galveston Rd.,#706 Webster, Texas 77598 Phone: 281-331-8414. A flat roof of tar & pitch over concrete lay behind a beautifully detailed parapet wall. This building had no installed plumbing. List of county courthouses in Texas. He left soon thereafter to work as an estimator at the Thompson Starrett Company in San Francisco, finding work during the rebuilding after the 1906 fire. Surrounding County Courthouses: N – Rutherford County E – Rutherford County S – Spartanburg County, South Carolina and Greenville County, South Carolina W – Henderson County Created: January 20, 1855 Records indicate that the first official meeting of the Commissioners in the new building took place on October 6, 1924. Polk County Courthouse and 1905 Courthouse Annex, Livingston, Texas Polk County Courthouse (Wisconsin) , Balsam Lake, Wisconsin Geiger Building (Osceola, Wisconsin) , also known as the Old Polk County Courthouse, listed on the National Register of Historic Places Architect: Eugene Thomas Heiner The architects Green, Lewis Sterling McLelland, and Fink, designed the structure with a classical/revival design. The front facade. The Union Pacific (formerly the Southern Pacific) railroad tracks are very close to the west side of the courthouse square. Polk County is a County im Bundesstoot Texas in … Another factor for selection of this site is that its location was only one-half mile from the geographical center of the County. Links Texas Department Of Motor Vehicles Polk County Appraisal District Voter Registration Texas State Comptrollers Office Important Tax Deadlines. 208 W Church. The Courthouse Annex is set on a concrete foundation. The number of farms nearly doubled, while the population stayed about the same and agricultural production decreased sharply. The unusual building is Polk County’s oldest government building. To the left, a 1905 courthouse annex, designed by Houston architect Lewis Sterling Green. The west facade of the courthouse is generally referred to as the back entrance, however with the addition of the parking lot adjacent to the square and the handicapped entrance and parking, this entry has become very utilitarian. The building was much larger, had a more complex plan and was less pretentious in detail. Polk County Probate Records (guides.sll.texas.gov) About the Polk District Court I. Most of the original steel top-hinged casement windows are intact throughout the building. The windows on the third floor are nearly square and symmetrically placed. Sam Houston was a frequent guest. Present Status: Gone Rick Lewis, staff architect with the Texas Historical Commission stated in a letter to the Polk County Heritage Society that the “handsomely scaled” and “uniquely-detailed” 1905 annex is “among Texas’ most novel historic county governmental buildings, in addition to being one of Livingston’s and Polk County’s oldest and most attractive architectural accomplishments.” (Letter of August 3, 1987) All interior openings were trimmed in a Neo-Classical/Greek style. The courthouse was designed to serve the citizens both politically and socially. The courthouse has an imposing presence on the square, and the building’s elevated location at the intersection of two major thoroughfares, Washington and Church streets, reflect this importance. Jury Duty, District and County Clerk of Court, Phone Number, and other Polk County info. Active. (Correspondence from Stephen Fox, Architectural Historian, Rice University), The 1884 Courthouse was a handsome edifice, but Polk County outgrew it and the advances of technology made it obsolete. It is our goal to make our services as convenient and accessible as possible to customers. Distance - 89.28 Miles from center of Polk County Baldridge Surveying. Find and bid on Residential Real Estate in Polk County, TX. The courthouse annex, a 2-story red brick building on the southwest corner of the courthouse square, also features a rectangular plan and classical detailing. At the bottom of the stair, a small entry provided access to both offices. The exterior of both the courthouse and Courthouse Annex was recently renovated and restored by the Mathes Group with funding from the 1997 ISTEA grant. Livingston lost most of its historic buildings in the fire of 1902 and continues to lose historic buildings at an alarming rate due to growth and a quest for modernization. While policies can vary from county to county, the law is clear as the to the individual's right to access and obtain public records without unreasonable costs and response time. The courthouse Annex has very few modifications to the original design. Each elevation of the courthouse is similarly detailed and arranged, the major difference being that the wider north and south elevations of the building have seven bays while the narrower south and north elevations are five bays wide. Air conditioning units were added to the south side in the 1970s. Corrigan City Municipal Court. Two metal braces on this elevation help stabilize the building. The structure was built in 1900 and remained significant until 1974, and was designed for governmental uses. Search our database of Polk County Property Auctions for free! In March 1845, the first Texas Legislature created Polk County and named it in honor of James K. Polk, then President of the United States. Two doors, one in front and one in the southside of the building, single story. The north facade, on Church Street, is the front, although there are doors on each side of the building. Native Americans occupied the area as early as 200-500 A. D. The Alabama and Coushatta Tribes remain in Polk County on reservation land acquired by General Sam Houston. There are plans to restore the high ceilings and open this balcony space. Timber was the most significant component of the local economy. The exterior elevator shaft was also removed. This was the first Polk County Courthouse to include electricity, indoor plumbing, and a furnace for steam heating, telephones, and drinking water from a source other than roof run-off. Each colonnade is topped with an architrave, a frieze with the words “Polk County Court House” engraved on the band, and a cornice. Because it had been dependent on the plantation system, the county was economically fragmented after the war. He has 17 years experience in law enforcement and criminal justice prior to being elected as Justice of the Peace in 1999. Polk County Texas. "The Polk County Courthouse, designed by the Houston architectural firm of McLelland & Fink, was built in 1923-24 to answer the needs of a growing and prosperous county. Onalaska City Municipal Court. The 2011 Polk County Judicial Center is directly south of the courthouse, on Mill Street. The courthouse and annex both played a pivotal role in county politics and therefore meet Criterion A in the area of Politics/Government at the local level of significance. In 1905, the Polk County Courthouse Annex (also known as the County Clerk Building) was built to house the County Clerk and County records on the southwest corner of the courthouse square. Each elevation of the courthouse is similarly detailed and arranged, the major difference being that the wider north and south elevations of the building have seven bays while the narrower south and north elevations are five bays wide. General Contractor: W. C. Wells Due to structural failures to the building in the 1970s, the building was vacated and exterior bracing supports were added in the 1980s to stabilize the building for restoration. POLK COUNTY COMMISSIONERS COURT December 8, 2020 Polk County Courthouse, 3rd floor 10:00 A.M. Livingston, Texas NOTICE Is hereby given that a regular meeting of the Polk County Commissioners Court will be held on the date stated By 1854, plans were underway for a two-story brick courthouse. The original drawings depict several materials and ornamental features that were not implemented in the actual construction of the courthouse to keep construction costs affordable. It contained a community auditorium, a library and the American Legion Hall. Dorrance Building (1903) and the Commercial National Bank (1904). Polk County’s fifth courthouse set new records for cost and style. Persons desiring grants of land applied to the Commissioner giving an oath as to their nativity and giving proof of their good conduct. The original panel doors measured 3’-0” by 8”-0”, and were embellished with concentric raised circles, and had substantial thickness. Livingston, Texas 77351 . The courthouse Annex exhibits unusually scaled architecture for a government building. The courthouse is the center of activity in these small, rural counties in Texas. Reflecting age-old traditions, the cornerstone was laid by the Masonic Lodge, wearing full ceremonial attire. By 1841 Drew’s Landing and Smithfield were busy shipping points. The mantels have been removed for restoration. The 3-story tan brick Classical Revival courthouse features a raised basement, a rectangular plan and a flat roof. Livingston City Municipal Court. Architectural Firm: McLelland & Fink It is our goal to make our services as convenient and accessible as possible to customers. OPTION 2 Contact the Texas Workforce Commission (TWC) by phone at 1-888-452-4778. ... Polk County Clerk. (Imma R. Haynes, History of Polk County, page 19). Polk County voters overwhelmingly supported secession in 1861, and produced eight companies which served in the war. The Polk County Courthouse and 1905 Courthouse Annex is historical site located in Livingston, Polk County, Texas.. Despite an overall increase in rural population, agriculture has played an increasingly minor role in the economy of Polk County. The Alabama - Coush Stairs at the east and west entrances (and an elevator, installed in 1968), provide access to the upper floors. What genealogical records can I find in the Polk County Courthouse? Corrigan City Municipal Court. The HE & WT Railway continued to build northward from Houston and reached Livingston in 1880. As with most newly organized counties across Texas, Polk County’s first Courthouse was a rude affair: to accommodate the first Commissioner’s meeting, Texas Revolutionary War veteran John English quickly built a one-room log cabin with a rough wooden floor at a cost of $10.00. P O Box 880. A monument on the courthouse grounds features historic places, people, and events in Polk County. The ground floor window in the central bay is a small 6/6 sash. Therefore, locally these buildings are of great importance. (Epperson, W. T. Interview, 1930; recorded in Polk County Memorial Museum Archives) The site of the Andress Inn, demolished in 1911, has been commemorated with a Texas State Historical Marker. Resorts near Polk County Courthouse, Livingston on Tripadvisor: Find 200 traveler reviews, 916 candid photos, and prices for resorts near Polk County Courthouse in Livingston, TX. Livingston, Texas 77351 . Preservation efforts have been ongoing for the courthouse annex since 1976 and continue today. The east facade of the courthouse, on Washington Avenue. THE COURTHOUSES OF POLK COUNTY by Terry Jeanson Early settler Moses L. Choate founded the town of Springfield near the Trinity River in the Texas Piney Woods in the 1830s. Surrounding County Courthouses: N – Boone County and Story County E – Jasper County S – Warren County W – Dallas County Created: January 13, 1846 County Seat: Des Moines 1846 – present . Learn More. Polk County remains predominantly rural, but timber rather than agriculture has become the main enterprise. It was built in a narrow rectangular plan (three bays on the east and west elevations; only a single bay on the north and south) and incorporates characteristic features of the Beaux Arts style, including brick pilasters, a flat roof, a wide cornice accentuated with dentils, decorative accents to the windows, and ironwork on the first floor windows and above the entrance on the east side. Counties Accepted - State of Texas Polk County Provided Programs. Towns created by the railroad and land promotion schemes transformed the area during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Parties, balls, and the Community Christmas Trees were located there. Feba 1849, via Monate voa seim Tod . "The Polk County Courthouse, designed by the Houston architectural firm of McLelland & Fink, was built in 1923-24 to answer the needs of a growing and prosperous county. County governments emerged during the early days of the Republic of Texas to bring order and public planning to promising settlements. Contact Page Phone: 863-534-4000 Photos courtesy of Visit Central Florida and LEGOLAND Florida, Quick Links. Two metal braces have been placed on the southeast corner to stabilize the building pending further restoration. In these respects, the building was typical of ‘modern’ public buildings in the 1920s. Polk County Courthouse: Tickets & Tours‎ The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas: Tickets & Tours‎ Polk County Chamber of Commerce: Tickets & Tours‎ Polk County Memorial Museum: Tickets & Tours‎ Texas Polk County US 59 Northbound Rest Area: Tickets & Tours‎ Johnson's Rock Shop: Tickets & Tours‎ Sew Fancy: Tickets & Tours‎ Call your local contact: Polk County Habitat for Humanity at 936-328-8529. Polk County Courthouse: POLK County Texas Courthouse - See 14 traveller reviews, 5 candid photos, and great deals for Livingston, TX, at Tripadvisor. Beautiful oak doors with transoms were installed. (McCaslin , Richard B. The courtroom continued to be the meeting place for local Churches and social functions until 1858. (Commissioners’ Court Minutes, Sam Houston Regional Library), On April 18, 1923, the County received bids for construction of the Polk County Courthouse. Current restoration plans would include installing ceiling fans and transoms where possible. Polk County District Court . Both buildings meet Criterion C in the area of Architecture at the local level of significance. The first lots were sold on September 5, 1845, with prices ranging from $2.50 to $20.00. During this first meeting, construction of a larger courthouse was approved. Not a particularly sensitive alteration to a historically significant building! County Courthouse – Des Moines According to the Texas Historical Commission, "Texas has more historic courthouses that any other state.Today more than 234 courthouses still stand that are least 50 years old." Many small lines were built by lumber companies during the timber boom, but most have been abandoned. 1001 N Home St. Corrigan, Texas 75939 . Faxshock@co.polk.tx.us. Polk County Courthouse, Livingston: See 14 reviews, articles, and 5 photos of Polk County Courthouse, ranked No.5 on Tripadvisor among 19 attractions in Livingston. The top landing opens up into both offices as well as a small reception or storage room. The floor plan was symmetrically divided into two offices on each of two floors by a 40-inch wide switchback stair. Distance - 86.37 Miles from center of Polk County Texas Star Surveying. The elevation facing Washington Avenue originally served as the main entrance to the courthouse, although construction of the Hwy 59 bypass to the west reoriented the primary traffic to Church St. (US 190) and the primary approach to the north. While policies can vary from county to county, the law is clear as the to the individual's right to access and obtain public … Green’s projects include St. Agnes Convent, Houston (1905, dem. Little is known about his partnership with Fink. Each doorway has wood and glass double doors set beneath a classical overdoor featuring a dentil course. Ribbon Cut, New Judicial Center Officially Opened, LIVINGSTON, September 21, 2011 - The Polk County Judicial Center project is complete, ribbon cut, and open for judicial business.The event kicked off at 4 pm on September 20, 2011. A wave of immigration followed the Mexican War. A recently discovered letter from the Trinity County clerk to Page, dated August 5, 1914, features a image of the Green building on the letterhead. See reviews, photos, directions, phone numbers and more for Polk County Sub Courthouse locations in Onalaska, TX. Existing pecan trees on the southeast corner provide shade for a newly constructed Community Gazebo (1999, noncontributing). The county seat, Livingston, straddles U.S. highways 59 and 190 about seventy-six miles northeast of Houston. This is a list of county courthouses in the state of Texas, both current and former. P O Box 880. Hotels near (IAH) George Bush Intercontinental Airport; All things to do in Livingston; Things to do near Polk County Courthouse. (Robert Schatt, Sam Houston Regional Library, Liberty, Texas). The Polk District Court I, located in Livingston, Texas is a government institution where legal disputes are resolved in accordance with the law. The number of active farming operations fell, including those producing corn and cotton. (Polk County Museum Archives, Pictorial History Book, Polk County, Texas 1978). Find 24 listings related to Polk County Sub Courthouse in Onalaska on YP.com. The parapets over each pavilion feature simple decorative brickwork panels. The courthouse Square is the focal point of the community. Onalaska, Texas 77360 . The jury facilities included a dormitory with showers. Polk county Texas officials head many departments which provide the public with official documents, government information and records. POLK County Texas Courthouse. Originally each of the friezes on the building were buff colored with white lettering, but were painted white with black lettering black in the 1950s. but records reveal the revised contract amount was $134,188. Architectural Style: Second Empire It was built by Henderson Shearer & Miller for $6,740. The courthouse originally had oak doors with transoms, which were removed in previous remodeling efforts. Polk County Courthouse: tickets en tours‎ The Alabama-Coushatta Tribe of Texas: tickets en tours‎ Polk County Chamber of Commerce: tickets en tours‎ Polk County Memorial Museum: tickets en tours‎ Texas Polk County US 59 Northbound Rest Area: tickets en tours‎ Johnson's Rock Shop: tickets en tours‎ Sew Fancy: tickets en tours‎ The ground floor walls were 18” thick. The fertile lands and the abundance of wild game attracted soldiers who passed through Texas en route to Mexico to fight. The county comprises 1,061 square miles, ranging in elevation from 100 to 300 feet. The firm produced notable commercial buildings in Houston, including the J.M. The building retains a high degree of integrity of location, setting, workmanship, materials, design, feeling and association. The west facade is very close to the tracks. A wood framed, galvanized steel friezecourse with dentils and triglyphs wraps around the entire building, which has a plain brick parapet with concrete coping. (Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center Archives) Construction began in June 1923 and by July 10th, Isaac Young had wrecked and cleared the old foundation, and excavated the site. Building Completion Date: 1923 Andress completed the new courthouse on the square in 1847 and received $397.00 for his work. The finished floors were of tongue and grooved sealed pine. Despite modifications such as the addition of an exterior elevator, air conditioning units, exterior glass painted out above the line of new ceilings and interior modernizations, the courthouse is in good physical shape and retains a high degree of its integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling and association. My office has three branches that oversee more than 1,000 duties for our community. Concrete steps on the east side lead to the double doors which are flanked by concrete pedestals that once held gas lampposts (the original lampposts are stored inside the building pending further restoration). The county produced 9,307 bales of cotton in 1859. It must be out of good sound lumber and in a workmanship manner; and must be 26 feet in length, 22 feet in width, and 20 feet in height from lower floor to joist – five 2 light windows, 2 in each side and one in the back, the usual height from the floor. This first Legislature appointed John Stubblefield, James W. Abbey, Fredrick Rankin, A. S. Ainsworth and Arthur Garner as a Board of Commissioners to meet at Swartout on the Trinity River to locate a county seat, to hold an election to select a place and to get the county government in operation. 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